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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 13  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 40-45

Select the Optimized Effective Dose to Reduce Nuclear Radiations in Pediatric Nuclear Medicine

1 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Johnson C. Smith University, NC 28216, USA
2 Department of Physics and Computer Science, Christopher Newport University, Newport News, VA 23606, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ying Bai
100 Beatties Ford Rd., Charlotte, NC 28216
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1450-1147.138573

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Many techniques and research models on calculating and reducing the nuclear radiation dose on pediatric nuclear medicine procedure have been developed and reported in recent years. However, most those models either utilized simple shapes to present the organs or used more realistic models to estimate the nuclear dose applied on pediatric patients. The former are too simple to provide accurate estimation results, and the latter are too complicated to intensively involve complex calculations. In this study, a simple but practical model is developed to enable physicians to easily and quickly calculate and select the average optimal effective nuclear dose for the given age and body-size of the pediatric patients. This model is built based on one research result reported by Frederic Fahey, et al and it can be easily implemented in most common pediatric nuclear medicine procedures. This is the first research of using fuzzy inference system to calculate the optimal effective dose applied in the nuclear medicine for pediatric patients.

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